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Surface Quality And Mold-Metal Interface Interaction
US6705385B2 - Castings of metallic alloys with improved ...

Molds are fabricated having a substrate of high density, high strength ultrafine grained isotropic graphite, and having a mold cavity coated with pyrolytic graphite. The molds may be made by making the substrate (main body) of high density, high strength ultrafine grained isotropic graphite, by, for example, isostatic or vibrational molding, machining the substrate to form the mold cavity, and ...

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IRESEA~

The reaction of mold refractories with molten steel at the mold-metal interface has also been a serious problem. This inter- face reaction is the cause of dimensional inaccuracies, surface roughness, sand penetration, and fused sand on steel castings.

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ASM Handbook, Volume 1A - Cast Iron Science and ... - Knovel

Surface Quality and Mold-Metal Interface Interaction. View Section, 18. Computational Modeling of Gas Evolution in Sand Molds. View Section, 19. Introduction to Cast Iron Heat Treatment. View Section, 20. Heat Treating of Gray Irons. View Section, 21. Heat Treatment of Ductile Iron.

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Exploring and Engineering the Cell Surface Interface | Science

Nov 18, 2005· Cells are inherently sensitive to local mesoscale, microscale, and nanoscale patterns of chemistry and topography. We review current approaches to control cell behavior through the nanoscale engineering of materials surfaces. Far-reaching implications are emerging for applications including medical implants, cell supports, and materials that can be used as instructive three-dimensional ...

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Microstructure and Properties of Ductile Iron and ...

This book provides an overview of the surface effects at the interface boundary of metal/sand moulds, and their influence on the surface quality, microstructure and mechanical and anticorrosive properties of high-quality cast iron. It explores utilitarian aspects of the production of high-quality cast iron castings, including thin-walled ...

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The Mold/Casting Interface Phenomena | Request PDF

Many of surface defects in casting are caused by interaction of the metal with the molding sand. These phenomena occurring on the mold/cast interface can be divided into three groups: metal ...

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Surfaces and Interfaces - Journal - Elsevier

The journal Surfaces and Interfaces publishes new, original, up to date, and scientifically interesting topics in all research areas on surfaces and interfaces.. The journal aims at being a fast and efficient platform for disseminating scientific results in this wide area of research. Fundamental, interdisciplinary, theoretical, experimental and applied work will be considered.

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Hydrologic Cycle and Interactions - USGS

As a result, environmental conditions at the interface between ground water and surface water reflect changes in the broader landscape. For example, the types and numbers of organisms in a given reach of streambed result, in part, from interactions between water in …

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Protein Protein Interaction Server: InterProSurf

Mar 05, 2016· Predict interacting residues on a monomeric protein surface using patch analysis and cluster analysis ... Statistical analysis of physical-chemical properties and prediction of protein-protein interfaces, J. Mol. Model., 13, 1157-1167, 2007 ... The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the service is with the user. In no event will ...

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Light - Reflection and refraction | Britannica

Light - Light - Reflection and refraction: Light rays change direction when they reflect off a surface, move from one transparent medium into another, or travel through a medium whose composition is continuously changing. The law of reflection states that, on reflection from a smooth surface, the angle of the reflected ray is equal to the angle of the incident ray.

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Surface Dial interactions - UWP applications | Microsoft Docs

Surface Dial interactions. 09/24/2020; 17 minutes to read +4; In this article. Surface Dial with Surface Studio and Pen (available for purchase at the Microsoft Store).. Overview. Windows wheel devices, such as the Surface Dial, are a new category of input device that enable a host of compelling and unique user interaction experiences for Windows and Windows apps.

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Heat transfer at the mold-metal interface in permanent ...

@article{osti_638205, title = {Heat transfer at the mold-metal interface in permanent mold casting of aluminum alloys project. Quarterly project status report, April 1--June 30, 1998}, author = {Pehlke, R D and Hao, S W}, abstractNote = {Extensive progress in development of an HTC (heat transfer coefficient) Evaluator and in the preparation of the experiments at CMI and Amcast have been ...

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Metal/metal‐oxide interfaces: A surface science approach ...

Metal‐oxide/metal interfaces play an important role, for example, in the joining of an oxide ceramic to a metal for sealing applications. In order to probe the chemical and physical properties of such an interface, we have performed Auger electron spectroscopic (AES) and temperature programed desorption (TPD) experiments on a model system composed of very thin films of Cr, Fe, Ni, or Cu ...

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Minimization of Casting Defects - IOSR-JEN

different families of steel. They have made lots of experiments on different mold making materials, mold-metal interface reactions, atmospheric interactions, pouring temperatures, melt handling functions and other surrounding conditions which probably constitute …

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The Mold/Casting Interface Phenomena | SpringerLink

Mar 28, 2015· Abstract. Many of surface defects in casting are caused by interaction of the metal with the molding sand. These phenomena occurring on the mold/cast interface can be divided into three groups: metal penetration (mechanical, chemical, vapor state, water explosion penetration and eutectic exudation penetration); transition of elements from the molding sand into casting and from the casting …

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Porosity in Iron Castings from Mold-Metal Interface ...

Apr 01, 2000· In thinner sections, varying degrees of surface porosity or pockmarking were found. These defects probably were formed by gaseous decomposition products pushing away the semi-skinned-over casting surface. Since these bubbles are formed late in solidification at the mold-metal interface, there was not enough time for them to dissolve.

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ch1 Trib Intro - MIT OpenCourseWare

Minimization of surface damage and frictional interaction ) 1955년 1965년 1975년 1985년 1995년 1 10 100 1000 10000 Flying Height (μin) Drive Capacity () contact (From Kim 2000 See Y.S. Park, D.H. Hwang, and D.E. Kim, "Characteristics of Head/Disk Interface Durability",

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Image Tutorial: Surface Properties

Surface/Binding Analysis). The surface coloring dialog allows changing the colors and associated potential values, but for most cases the default settings are suitable. Make sure the dialog is set to color the molecular surface (#0) and click Color to use the standard coloring scheme of red for negative, white for neutral, and blue for positive ...

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Interfacial reactions between AZ91D magnesium alloy and ...

Jul 19, 2013· Reactions at the mould/metal interface play an important role in determining the quality of investment castings. They are particularly critical in the case of magnesium alloys cast in industrial plaster moulds. In this work, reactions of molten magnesium alloy with plaster mould were studied.

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Casting Defects - Sand Mold, Metal Casting

Casting Defects - Sand Mold, Metal Casting. Introducing various metal casting defects with many pictures by Dandong Foundry in China. These are the common sand casting defects on the surface and inside of cast iron and cast steel parts. 1. Blowhole and Pinhole This is a kind of cavities defect, which is also divided into pinhole and subsurface blowhole.

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Investigation of the Interaction between Nafion Ionomer ...

In making a catalyst ink, the interactions between Nafion ionomer and catalyst support are the key factors that directly affect both ionic conductivity and electronic conductivity of the catalyst layer in a membrane electrode assembly. One of the major aims of this investigation is to understand the behavior of the catalyst support, Vulcan XC-72 (XC-72) aggregates, in the existence of the ...

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(PDF) No-Bake S-Containing Mold/DI Metal Interactions ...

The phenomena on the mold/metal interface largely determine the microstructure of the casting surface layer, quality of the surface and casting performance characteristics (mechanical properties ...

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Porosity Defects in Iron Other methods for eliminating ...

3) mold-metal reactions between evolved mold and core gases at the solidifying casting surface.1–16 In addition, any combination of these three sources may have a cumulative effect on promoting porosity formation. However, the gases normally held responsible …

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Microstructure and Properties of Ductile Iron and ...

This book provides an overview of the surface effects at the interface boundary of metal/sand moulds, and their influence on the surface quality, microstructure and mechanical and anticorrosive properties of high-quality cast iron. It explores utilitarian aspects of the production of high-quality ... The Influence of Mold/Metal Interactions on ...

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Interfacial reactions between AZ91D magnesium alloy and ...

AbstractReactions at the mould/metal interface play an important role in determining the quality of investment castings. They are particularly critical in the case of magnesium alloys cast in industrial plaster moulds. In this work, reactions of molten magnesium alloy with plaster mould were studied. First the potential interactions with mould materials (including gases) were examined using ...

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Elimination of Pinhole Porosity in Alloy Steels | ASI ...

Mold-Metal Interface Reactions. With few exceptions, core and mold binders used in steel foundries industry are organically based, meaning on carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and in some cases nitrogen. The approximate chemical make-up of some of the common binder systems is shown in Table 1 (a typical, Western bentonite, bonded green sand is ...

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Proceedings of the Ground-Water/Surface-Water Interactions ...

Ground-Water/Surface Water Interaction (Guy Tomassoni, EPA’s Office of Solid Waste) • Interaction of Ground Water and Surface Water (Tom Winter, U.S. Geological Survey) • Hydrogeology and Biogeochemistry of the Surface Water and Ground Water Interface of a Mountain Stream (Cliff Dahm, University of New Mexico)

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Surface Quality and Mold-Metal Interface Interaction ...

This article discusses the classification of the mold-metal interaction based on severity: mild mold-metal interaction and severe mold-metal interaction. The casting surface exhibits some roughness, which depends on the molding materials used in the casting process.

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As-Cast Surface Characterization for Steel Using Disk ...

Chemically bonded sand systems are an important and growing part of foundry technology, and their interaction at the mold–steel interface is of great interest. With today’s emphasis on near-net-shape steel castings, and with ever more stringent casting quality requirements, there is a need to quickly and affordably characterize as-cast surface quality. In addition, characterizing shakeout ...

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Influence of Implant Surfaces on Osseointegration

bone-implant interface using micro and nano implant surface topographies. Furthermore, the perspective of incorporating biomimetic molecules (e.g.: peptides and bone morphogenetic proteins) to the implant surface and their effects on bone formation and remodeling around implants are discussed.

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No-Bake S-Containing Mold-DI Metal Interactions ...

environment (mold). Various possible interactions between Mg-treated metals and the environments are classified in Fig. 1. The negative effects of these interactions can be Mg-fading and consequent spherical graphite shape degeneration in the bulk casting or shape degeneration in specific surface regions, as the results of metal-mold interactions.

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Microsoft Surface 2 review: Sink or swim - GSMArena.com

Nov 29, 2013· Introduction. There is a tall task ahead of the Microsoft Surface 2. The first generation of the Microsoft tablet arrived with much fanfare but had little success, and the newcomer has to entice ...

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The effect of near-surface metallurgy on the machinability ...

the mold/metal interface (as-cast surface) is necessary. The goal of the work presented here was to examine the microstructures formed in the near-surface region of gray iron castings, determine what was responsible for formation, and how these microstructures behaved during the machining process. A series of experiments were performed to

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